How to write a good essay? Types & steps to consider when composing essays

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Writing an essay tends to be a dreaded task for many students. Many students find the challenge intimidating if writing an essay for a scholarship, a class, or even a contest. Although an essay is a big project, there are several steps a student may take to break it down into manageable pieces.

Following this method is the simplest way to write a good essay, regardless of the subject.

The best students enjoy writing essays because it allows them to practice their academic research skills and build compelling arguments. Essays give you the right to express your insight, comprehension, and intellect in a creative and unrestricted manner – as long as you remain within the word limit!

But how do you make your essay stand out from the crowd when so many other people are answering the same essay question as you? We’re going to teach you how to write a genuinely brilliant essay in this post.

Steps of Essay Writing

The Essay writing process divide into three stages:


Prepare by deciding on a subject, conducting research, and drafting an essay outline.


Begin with an introduction, build your case with proof in the main body, and conclude.


Double-check your essay’s content, organization, grammar, pronunciation, and formatting.

Using paragraphs from our interactive essay example, we walk you through what to include in the introduction, body, and conclusion of an essay in this guide.

What are the purposes of essays?

Until we get into the technical aspects of composing an excellent essay, let’s go back to the beginning and consider what essays can design to evaluate. You can only begin to understand what tutors are looking for when they read your work if you know an essay’s meaning.

Essays can design to test a variety of subjects, regardless of the student’s academic level:


Essays test and help consolidate what you have read and studied and make them an essential part of the process of learning, especially for humanities.


  • Tests your ability to understand and give you a reflective answer to the question.
  • Measures the ability to consume and condense information from several sources.
  • Comprehension tests the ability to write a balanced and consistent argument that considers many points of view.
  • Highlight your expertise in written English.
  • Essays can also check time management.
  • The essay involves an evaluation of which material bits are essential and which are not.

Types of Essay Writing

Narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative essays are the four primary types of essays. Each one serves a distinct function. Some say a story, while others are descriptive, and still, others try to convince people to change their minds.    

Narrative Essay

Narration is when you tell a story from a certain point of view, and there is typically a justification for it. Characters, atmosphere, climax, and, most importantly, plot are all present in narrative essays. 

When writing a narrative essay, keep the following in mind:

  • Include sensory and emotional information to feel the story rather than just read about it.
  • Enable the story to support your claim, and make a reference to it in the first sentence.
  • Write in the first-person or third-person perspective.

Descriptive Essays

Descriptive essays go into great detail about individuals’ traits and characteristics, objects, incidents, and feelings. The include the following information:

  • Origin
  • Physical appearance
  • The hue of their skin

Argumentative Essays

The writer of an argumentative essay is attempting to persuade the reader of something. He or she will show whether a subject is true or false. The writer’s argument will support by proof, such as statistics or expert opinion.

In these essays, the writer is not simply voicing an opinion; instead, he or she is making a case for or against something backed up by evidence.

Comparative Essay

A comparative essay is a multi-paragraph essay that attempts to illustrate how two topics are similar or different. These essays are primarily concerned with contrasting and comparing various aspects of the issues in question.

How to write a good essay?

1.  Pick a topic

You may give a topic to write about or provide complete freedom to write about whatever you want. If you’ve given a subject, think about the type of paper you’d like to write. Is it better to offer a broad overview of the topic or a detailed analysis? If possible, narrow your concentration.

If you’re not assigned a subject, you will need to conduct additional research. This benefit, however, also allows you to choose a topic that is important or appropriate to you. Begin by defining your goal. Is your essay intended to educate or persuade?

2.  Preparation

Until you begin writing, make sure you know exactly what you’re going to say and how you’re going to say it. There are a few essential steps you can take to ensure you’re ready.

Recognize your assignment

What is the purpose of this paper? What are the assignment’s duration and due date? Is there something you need to discuss with your professor or teacher?

Develop a topic

If you have the option of choosing your subject, choose something about which you already have some knowledge and which will keep your attention.

Do your homework

To help you find out your position and angle on the subject, read primary and secondary sources and take notes.


Make a rough outline of your essay’s structure. It makes it easier to get started and helps you stay on track while you write.

Now you’re ready to start writing once you’ve decided what you want to talk about, how you want to talk about it, and what facts you’ll use.

3.  Introduction

The introduction sets the tone of your essay. It should pique the reader’s curiosity while also letting them know what to expect. The introduction typically accounts for 10–20 percent of the total text.

Hook your reader

The first sentence of your introduction should pique the attention and curiosity of your reader. The hook is a term used to describe the first sentence of a paragraph. It could be a provocative question, a shocking fact, or a bold statement stressing the topic’s importance.

Let’s pretend we’re writing an article about the history of Braille (the raised-dot reading and writing system used by visually impaired people). Our hook may make a powerful statement about the subject:

Braille’s discovery was a watershed moment in the history of disability.

Provide background

The next step is to provide context to help your reader understand your point. It may include providing background information, describing crucial scholarly work or debates on the subject, and clarifying difficult words. Please don’t go into too much depth in the introduction; you can expand on it later in the essay.

Thesis statement

After that, you should write your thesis statement, which is your main point. The thesis statement identifies a point of emphasis and shows your stance on the subject. It usually consists of one or two sentences.

Map the structure

You can end the introduction by briefly outlining what each portion of the essay would cover in more extended essays. It walks the reader through your setup and gives them a sneak peek into how your argument will advance.

4.  Main body of the essay

The body of your essay is where you support your thesis with arguments, proofs, and the creation of your ideas. Its mission is to present, interpret, and evaluate the data and sources you’ve gathered to back up your point.

Length of the main body

The form of the essay determines the length of the body of the essay. The body of your essay should make up 60–80% of its total length. It could be just three paragraphs for a high school essay, but for a graduate school essay of 6,000 words, the body could be 8–10 pages long.

Paragraph structure

It is essential to divide your essay into paragraphs to give it a logical structure. Each paragraph should focus on a single main idea or point.

A subject sentence presents the term. The subject sentence should continue from the previous paragraph and introduce the argument that makes in the section. Transition words can use to create simple distinctions between sentences.

Furthermore, provide evidence in your article, such as illustrations or quotes from related sources. Be sure to examine and explain the evidence and how they contribute to the success of your issue.

Use of Quotations

To support your arguments, use quotes from scholarly works and references. It strengthens your case by showing that you’ve done extensive research on your topic and that you’ve supported your claims with proof.

However, avoid writing an essay that is simply a list of what other people have said about the subject. Too much quoting means that you lack the courage or knowledge to describe things in your own words and rely on others.

5.  Include images

You’ve heard it said that a photo is worth a thousand words. Efficient and persuasive communication is what matters in an essay, and if an image or diagram would help support an argument you’re making, include it.

Visuals not only aid communication, but they also make reading your essay more enjoyable for the person grading it – and if they like reading it, chances are you’ll get better grades! Don’t forget to offer credit where credit is due for any photos or diagrams you use.

6.  Avoid fake sentences

Make sure you don’t write an essay that doesn’t appropriately respond to the issue. If you don’t understand the essay prompt fully, you should stop rambling or fluff. Instead, make sure that each sentence contributes to the overall quality of your work. Delete something that isn’t necessary.

7.  Use of good English

The perfect essay’s words flow naturally, and the reader feels secure. Sentences never need to be read more than once to be understood, and they all flow logically from one to the next, with no spontaneous jumping from one paragraph to the next. There are no sloppy typos in spelling or grammar.

8.  Meet the deadline

You probably don’t need us to tell you that, but we’re adding it to be thorough. Even if you write the best essay ever; however you turn it in late, you will penalize! Please don’t wait until the last minute to start writing your essay; start early and give yourself plenty of time to revise before submitting it. Allowing time for it to sink in may result in a remarkable insight you’d like to share.

9. Conclusion

The conclusion brings the discussion to a close by summarizing r overall ideas and offering a final perspective on your subject. Three to five solid sentences should make up your inference. Go over the key points, again and again, reinforcing your study.

10. Final touch

You will believe that your essay is finished after you’ve written your conclusion. That’s incorrect. You must pay close attention to all of the small information before declaring this work complete. Make sure your paragraphs are in the correct order.

 The body’s first and last paragraphs should be the most vital points, with the rest falling in the center. Also, double-check that the order of your paragraphs makes sense. If you’re writing an essay about a method, such as making a delicious chocolate cake, make sure your paragraphs are in the correct order.

11. Proofread

Before you ask, no, a spell check will not suffice! How many times have you mistakenly typed “form” for “from”? That’s just one of a slew of mistakes that spell check will overlook.

Your English must be perfect if you want to be taken seriously, which includes simple and intelligent sentence structures, no misplaced apostrophes, no typos, and no grammar errors.

Have your name and page numbers at the top of each page of your essay. Also, make sure you use an easy-to-read font like Times New Roman or Arial.

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